عنوان مقاله [English]
Imagination, as one of the fundamental elements of aesthetics, is studied in both visual and verbal arts. This complicated concept has various interpretations in different fields of human science: in mysticism, it is a "supraintellectual human experience", in the area of religion, a "religious experience", in cognitive psychology, the main element in the formation of "individual self", and in mythology, the most effective factor in constructing "collective self". Imaginatin is then, to be considered as the most basic constituent in creating the intuitive experience, comprehending the divine, discovering the constructions of reality, and creating aesthetic structures.
This article follows a triple aim:
Determining the structure of imagination as a base to answer the question related to the manner of structurization of imagination.
Assessing the effect of values, beliefs, interpretations and approaches of every period on imagination, as a matter of change in its structure, and measuring the significance of this fact, due to the fact that a change in the agent always changes the meanings and structures.
Reckoning the manner through which the newly-developed imagination turns out to be an element for creating another structure in literary works, and in particular poetry. In other words this article, by comparing the role of imagination in the traditional and modern literature, shows how the traditional aesthetics developed to the new one.