عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering literature as a mirror reflecting the ups and downs of culture and thought in a society, one is expected to give leading roles to both traditional and modern literary trends. This very position is the possibility of dealing with structural and meta-structural factors of literature, studying the phenomena of "evolution" and "decline" and the reasons for the formation of these phenomena.
Since the poetry of Mashrooteh is closely linked to the social, political and revolutionary context, it can be a true reflection of the society from which it is originated. The poetry of this period is "the poetry of transition" that farewells the traditional outlook in order to welcome the modern one. Familiarity with the history of this period and the principles of its poetry, besides searching for the lines of connection between the poetry and the revolution of Mashrooteh are the main concerns of this article.